Monitoring is when we stop and think about the text and know what to do when meaning is disrupted. Proficient readers not only recognise when meaning has been disrupted but have a range of skills they can use to repair comprehension, ensuring they maintain the ultimate goal of reading, making meaning.
- Be aware of what they do understand
- Identify what they do not understand
- Use appropriate strategies to resolve problems in comprehension
Monitoring comprehension is the ability of a reader to be aware, while reading, whether a text is making sense or not. Self-monitoring, as this strategy is commonly called, is knowing when what you are reading makes sense and when it does not. It is when we as readers are mentally interacting with what we are reading and value "reading" as something more than making sounds represented on a page
For students to be self-monitoring:
- They need to be aware of what they do understand.
- They need to identify what they do not understand.
- They need to use appropriate strategies to “fix up” the problems in comprehension.
There are several self-monitoring strategies for students to use. They include:
- Identifying where the difficulty occursWhat part of the selection didn’t you understand?
What word or words confused you or were unfamiliar?
What didn’t make sense to you?
- Restating the difficult sentence or passage in their own wordsWhat do you think they are trying to say?
- Looking back through the textDid the author mention this before?
What did he say about it?
- Looking forward in the text for information that might help them to resolve the difficultyAre there any charts or graphics that might help?
Oh, the next section tells me more about that. I need to read on.
Other lists of fix-up skills are available here: